Xianfang Sun, Paul L. Rosin, Ralph R. Martin, Frank C. Langbein. Noise in 3D Laser Range Scanner Data. In: Proc. IEEE Conf. Shape Modelling and Applications, IEEE Computer Society, p. 37-45, 2008. [DOI:10.1109/SMI.2008.4547945] [PDF]
This paper discusses noise in range data measured by a Konica Minolta Vivid 910 scanner. Previous papers considering denoising 3D mesh data have often used artificial data comprising Gaussian noise, which is independently distributed at each mesh point. Measurements of an accurately machined, almost planar test surface indicate that real scanner data does not have such properties. An initial characterisation of real scanner noise for this test surface shows that the errors are not quite Gaussian, and more importantly, exhibit significant short range correlation. This analysis yields a simple model for generating noise with similar characteristics. We also examine the effect of two typical mesh denoising algorithms on the real noise present in the test data. The results show that new denoising algorithms are required to effectively remove real scanner noise.
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